Jonathan M. Bolding
McKinney-Vento & Non-Public Schools Coordinator
Shelters are defined as supervised publicly or privately operated facilities designed to provide temporary living accommodations. Included in the sheltered definition are the following: i. Transitional Housing is temporary accommodation for homeless individuals and families, as a step to permanent housing. Residents of transitional housing continue to be considered homeless until they move into permanent housing. ii. Awaiting Foster Care: children who are awaiting foster care placement are considered homeless and eligible for McKinney-Vento services. (See Section 725(2)(B)(i) of the McKinney-Vento Act.) Children who are already in foster care, on the other hand, are not considered homeless. LEA liaisons should confer and coordinate with local child welfare providers to determine what “awaiting foster care placement” means in the context of their State and local policies.
Unsheltered includes cars, parks, campgrounds, temporary trailers, abandoned buildings and substandard housing. Substandard housing may be determined by local building codes, community norms, and/or a case-by-case determination as to whether the accommodation is a “fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence.”
Doubled-Up The McKinney-Vento Act defines this term as “sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason” [725(2)(B). This classification particularly requires a case-by-case determination, keeping in mind the determining factor is whether the accommodation is a “fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence.”
Data reflected in these charts are drawn from the Part 1 Consolidated State Performance Reports (CSPR) which may be found on the US Department of Education website at this address:
The Education for Homeless Children and Youth Section 1.9 of the CSPR has been excerpted into pdf files by individual state by year and can be downloaded from the menu at the left. A three-year data summary featuring all updated data may also be downloaded.
Before SY2010-11, reading and mathematics assessment data was only collected for students served in LEAs with McKinney-Vento subgrants. As of SY2010-11, these data are now collected for all students enrolled in all LEAs. The three-year comparison data for students served in LEAs with subgrants will continue to be displayed on the national and state data pages until the final certification of the SY2011-12 CSPR. At that time, these pages will reflect the comparison data for all students enrolled.
Download a spreadsheet with all state funding data.
Also download the President's Budget State Tables for the U.S. Department of Education